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Australian Wildlife

  Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli)





Royal Penguin | Eudyptes schlegeli photo
Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli) on Macquarie Island (frontal shot)

Image by M. Murphy - License: Public Domain.    (view image details)

Royal Penguin | Eudyptes schlegeli photo
Royal penguin on Macquarie Island (profile/side shot)

Image by M. Murphy - License: Public Domain.    (view image details)

Royal Penguin | Eudyptes schlegeli photo
Royal penguins on Macquarie Island

Image by M. Murphy - License: Public Domain.    (view image details)

Royal Penguin | Eudyptes schlegeli photo
Macquarie Island - Royal penguin rookery

Image by M. Murphy - License: Public Domain.    (view image details)



ROYAL PENGUIN FACTS

Description
The Royal Penguin is a crested penguin with white face, black head cap, black back and wings and white throat and underside. It has long yellow crest that hangs downwards. The bill is orange brown with a patch of bare skin at the base of the bill. Immature birds are greyish with small crest. Royal Penguins are endemic to Macquarie Island and the nearby Bishop and Clerk Islets.

Size
70 cm

Habitat
open ocean, nests on beaches or slopes covered with vegetation

Food
krill, fish, squid

Breeding
breeds in large colonies. The nest is a scrape in the ground

Range
It breeds on Macquarie Island where there are large colonies. it is a rare vagrant to south east mainland Australia and has been sighted on Tasmania

distribution map showing range of Eudyptes schlegeli in Australia

Map is from Atlas of Living Australia website at http://biocache.ala.org.au licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License




Classification
Class:Aves
Order:Sphenisciformes
Family:Spheniscidae
Genus:Eudyptes
Species:schlegeli
Common Name:Royal Penguin

Relatives in same Genus
  Rockhopper Penguin (E. chrysocome)
  Macaroni Penguin (E. chrysolophus)
  Fiordland Penguin (E. pachyrhynchus)
  Snares Penguin (E. robustus)
  Erect-crested Penguin (E. sclateri)