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Australian Wildlife

  Stars and Stripes Toadfish (Arothron hispidus)





Stars and Stripes Toadfish | Arothron hispidus photo
Stars and Stripes Toadfish

Image by Zacken200 - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Stars and Stripes Toadfish | Arothron hispidus photo
Stars and Stripes Toadfish

Image by LASZLO ILYES from Cleveland, Ohio, USA - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Stars and Stripes Toadfish | Arothron hispidus photo
Arothron hispidus (white-spotted puffer)

Image by Max Smith - License: Public Domain.    (view image details)



FISH FACTS

Description
The Stars and Stripes Toadfish is greenish brown or yellowish brown above with white underside. The back and upper sides of the body and tail are covered in small white spots. The lower sides and belly are marked with white to pale blue bars or lines. The base of the pectoral fins and gills are surrounded by light rings. The body is a typical pufferfish rounded box shape. The mouth is like a beak with teeth fused together into plates. The body has small spines except around the nose and tail.

Size
length to 50cm. Weight to 2kg.

Habitat
Found in coral reef slopes, inner reef flats and lagoons, coastal bays, estuaries, rocky reefs. Juveniles are common in weedy areas of estuaries. Swims at depths of 3m to 50m.

Food
Feeds on algae, coral, sponges, starfish, molluscs, anemones and other invertebrates

Range
The Stars and Stripes Toadfish is found in tropical and warm temperate waters throughout the Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is found from southern Western Australia, around Northern Territory, Queensland and south to central New South Wales.

Notes
Contains a potentially lethal poison (tetrodotoxin) in the skin and organs.



Classification
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Tetraodontidae
Genus:Arothron
Species:hispidus
Common Name:Stars and Stripes Toadfish

Relatives in same Genus
  Narrow-lined Pufferfish (A. manilensis)
  Map Pufferfish (A. mappa)
  Blackspotted Pufferfish (A. nigropunctatus)
  Starry Pufferfish (A. stellatus)