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Australian Wildlife

  Common Brown Butterfly (Heteronympha merope)





Common Brown Butterfly | Heteronympha merope photo
Common Brown butterfly (Heteronympha merope) at Python Rock Track, Lamington National Park

Image by Quartl - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



INSECT FACTS

Identification
The Common Brown Butterfly is dark brown and orange brown. The female butterflies are larger with bolder markings. The outer half of the female's forewings are brown with orange blotches and a single small eyespot near apex. The male has duller forewings with single eyespot. Upper side of hindwings in both male and female is orange-brown with small eyespot and narrow darker brown border.

Size
Length: 56mm - 64mm

Habitat
wide range of habitats including grassy woodland, open forest, forested slopes of ranges, river banks, suburban gardens

Food
larvae feeds on plants such as Microlaena, Poa and Themeda species

Range
south east Queensland, eastern half of New South Wales, Victoria and southeast corner of South Australia. There is a separate subspecies in Tasmania, and another in south west corner of Western Australia



Classification
Class:Insecta
Order:Lepidoptera
Family:Nymphalidae
Genus:Heteronympha
Species:merope
Common Name:Common Brown Butterfly

Relatives in same Genus
  Bank's Brown Butterfly (H. banksii)