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Australian Wildlife

  Cooktown Birdwing, Northern Birdwing (Ornithopter euphorion)





Cooktown Birdwing, Northern Birdwing | Ornithopter euphorion photo
Male Cairns Birdwing

Image by Lepidlizard - License: Public Domain.    (view image details)

Cooktown Birdwing, Northern Birdwing | Ornithopter euphorion photo
Cairns Birdwing, Melbourne Zoo

Image by Fir0002/Flagstaffotos - GNU Free Documentation License.    (view image details)



INSECT FACTS

Identification
The Cairns Birdwing male is black and green. The upper side of the forewings are mainly black with emerald green around the leading and trailing edges; the hindwings are emerald green with 4 black dots in an arc parallel to the outer edge. The female has black upper forewings with white patches, and black hindwings with yellowish brown margin containing black spots. The female does not have any green markings. The Cairns Birdwing male butterfly is similar to the New Guinea Birdwing male which has more green on the forewings including a thin patch of green in the middle of the black area, and fewer black spots on the hindwing.

Other Names
Cairns Birdwing

Size
wingspan: male 125mm; female 150mm

Habitat
lowland and upland rainforest

Food
larva feeds on plants in the Aristolochia and Pararistolochia genera

Range
found in the wet tropics of eastern coastal Queensland, and around Mackay in Queensland.



Classification
Class:Insecta
Order:Lepidoptera
Family:Papilionidae
Genus:Ornithopter
Species:euphorion
Common Name:Cooktown Birdwing, Northern Birdwing