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Australian Wildlife

  Earwig (Labiduridae family )





Earwig | Labiduridae family  photo
Earwig found in soil under damp garden mulch

Photograph copyright: ozwildlife - all rights reserved. Used with permission.



EARWIG FACTS

Identification
A plain brown coloured earwig found under garden mulch. It has long antennae with many segments, and forceps (pincers) at the end of the abdomen. The forceps are used for defense and are curved upwards when the earwig is threatened. The young are similar to adults but paler. Female earwigs usually have smaller simple forceps and eight visible abdominal segments, while males have longer forceps and ten visible abdominal segments.

Size
12mm

Habitat
moist environments in leaf litter, mulch and debris on the ground

Food
Most earwigs are omnivorous and eat plant matter, dead insects, some live invertebrates

Breeding
Earwigs lay eggs in burrows. The female guards the eggs from predators keeps the eggs clean until they hatch in two to three weeks.

Notes
Most Australian native earwig species are not significant pests



Classification
Class:Insecta
Order:Dermaptera
Family:Labiduridae
Genus:Labiduridae family
Species:
Common Name:Earwig