Earwig found in soil under damp garden mulch
Photograph copyright: ozwildlife - all rights reserved. Used with permission.
A plain brown coloured earwig found under garden mulch. It has long antennae with many segments, and forceps (pincers) at the end of the abdomen. The forceps are used for defense and are curved upwards when the earwig is threatened. The young are similar to adults but paler. Female earwigs usually have smaller simple forceps and eight visible abdominal segments, while males have longer forceps and ten visible abdominal segments.
moist environments in leaf litter, mulch and debris on the ground
Most earwigs are omnivorous and eat plant matter, dead insects, some live invertebrates
Earwigs lay eggs in burrows. The female guards the eggs from predators keeps the eggs clean until they hatch in two to three weeks.
Most Australian native earwig species are not significant pests