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Australian Wildlife

  Red-crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis)





Red-crowned Toadlet | Pseudophryne australis photo
Red-crowned Toadlet from Northern Sydney.

Image by Grant Webster - GNU Free Documentation License.    (view image details)

Red-crowned Toadlet | Pseudophryne australis photo
Red-crowned Toadlet - underside.

Image by Grant Webster - GNU Free Documentation License.    (view image details)



RED-CROWNED TOADLET FACTS

Description
The Red-crowned Toadlet is dark brown or black with a red T-shaped mark on its head. It has a red wash or spots over its back. The sides are a blue-grey with white marks in the armpits and thighs. The underside is marbled black and white with a blue-grey background.

Size
up to 30mm

Habitat
sandstone habitats in woodland, heathland and dry eucalypt forest

Breeding
Males make an ark call from nest sites under leaf litter and rocks, in areas likely to be inundated, generally only after heavy rain. Eggs are laid under leaf litter and tadpoles begin developing inside the egg, the males stays with the eggs in the nest. Once heavy rain floods the nest site the eggs hatch and the tadpoles (already fairly developed) finish their development in the temporary pools.

Range
found only in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales

Conservation Status
The conservation status in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals is "vulnerable".

Classification
Class:Amphibia
Order:Anura
Family:Myobatrachidae
Genus:Pseudophryne
Species:australis
Common Name:Red-crowned Toadlet

Relatives in same Genus
  Bibron's Toadlet (P. bibroni)
  Red-backed Toadlet (P. coriacea)
  Corroboree Frog (P. corroboree)