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Australian Wildlife

  Sambar (Cervus unicolor)





Sambar | Cervus unicolor photo
Sambar Deer

Image by Su Laine - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Sambar | Cervus unicolor photo
Sambar Deer

Image by Manvendra Bhangui - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)

Sambar | Cervus unicolor photo
Sambar Deer

Image by Pratheepps - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



SAMBAR FACTS

Description
The Sambar is the most widespread introduced deer in Australia. It is dark brown or blackish with coarse, short fur and large rounded ears. The males have mane of longer fur round the neck. The underside is pale grey. Adult males develop antlers with three points (tines). Calves have white spots that fade after about 2 months.

Size
Length: 1.6m - 2.5m. Tail length: 25cm - 30cm. Weight 110kg - 240kg

Habitat
forested hillsides

Food
Sambar feed in evening and night on leaves, berries, grasses, fruit, herbs and buds

Breeding
usually a single fawn is born after a gestation period of 8 - 9 months

Range
Native to India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma, Sri Lanka, Philippines, southern China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, and Java. In Australia they are found in Eastern Highlands from near Melbourne to ACT



Classification
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Cervidae
Genus:Cervus
Species:unicolor
Common Name:Sambar

Relatives in same Genus
  Red Deer (C. elaphus)
  Hog Deer (C. porcinus)
  Rusa (C. timorensis)