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Australian Wildlife

  Teardrop Butterflyfish (Chaetodon unimaculatus)





Teardrop Butterflyfish | Chaetodon unimaculatus photo
Teardrop Butterflyfish

Image by Leonard Low - Some rights reserved.    (view image details)



FISH FACTS

Description
The Teardrop Butterflyfish has a round black spot on the side, with a faint black vertical streak below the spot like a teardrop. The lower half of the body is mainly white and the upper white is white shading to yellow on the back. The dorsal, anal and ventral fins are yellow. It has a black bar though the eye. There is a black line down the tail stem that continues through the rear of the dorsal and anal fins. Juveniles are similar to adults.

Size
length to 20cm

Habitat
reef flats, clear reef lagoons, seaward reefs at depths from 1m to 60m.

Food
corals, polychaetes, small crustaceans, algae

Breeding
Oviparous. Forms monogamous pairs during breeding.

Range
The Teardrop Butterflyfish is found in marine waters of the Western Pacific. In Australia it is found from the north-western coast of Western Australia, some parts of the Arafura Sea, the east coast of Queensland along the Great Barrier Reef and south to the central coast of new South Wales.



Classification
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Chaetodontidae
Genus:Chaetodon
Species:unimaculatus
Common Name:Teardrop Butterflyfish

Relatives in same Genus
  Threadfin Butterflyfish (C. auriga)
  Eastern Triangular Butterflyfish (C. baronessa)
  Bennett's Butterflyfish (C. bennetti)
  Speckled Butterflyfish (C. citrinellus)
  Saddled Butterflyfish (C. ephippium)
  Dusky Butterflyfish (C. flavirostris)
  Klein's Butterflyfish (C. kleinii)
  Redfin Butterflyfish (C. lunulatus)
  Eight-banded Butterflyfish (C. octofasciatus)
  Ornate Butterflyfish (C. ornatissimus)
  Latticed Butterflyfish (C. rafflesii)
  Dotted Butterflyfish (C. semeion)
  Oval-spot Butterflyfish (C. speculum)
  Chevroned Butterflyfish (C. trifascialis)
  Double-saddle Butterflyfish (C. ulietensis)
  Vagabond Butterflyfish (C. vagabundus)