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Australian Wildlife

  Leaf-curling Spider (Phonognatha sp)





Leaf-curling Spider | Phonognatha sp photo
The Leaf-curling Spider makes a retreat for itself in a rolled up leaf. It uses a thread of silk to raise the leaf. The web is built below the web. During the day it hides in the leaf and comes down to its web at night. When disturbed it crawls quickly back into its leaf. The total body and leg length is about 10mm

Photograph copyright: ozwildlife - all rights reserved. Used with permission.

Leaf-curling Spider | Phonognatha sp photo
Leaf-curling Spider

Photograph copyright: ozwildlife - all rights reserved. Used with permission.



LEAF-CURLING SPIDER FACTS

Description
Leaf-curling Spiders are small orb weavers that protect themselves from predators by curling a leaf into a tube held together with silk. Head and legs are red-brown. Abdomen is creamy yellow with chevron pattern on the upper side.

Size
female 8mm, male 5mm

Habitat
common in woodland, open bushland and gardens

Food
They build a web around their retreat and feed on insects caught in web

Breeding
It lays its eggs in a sac within a dead leaf. The leaf is rolled and held with silk, and suspended among foliage well away from the orb web.

Range
Leaf-curling Spiders are found across Eastern Australia

Notes
Bites are rare but may cause local pain and swelling



Classification
Class:Arachnida
Order:Araneomorphae
Family:Tetragnathidae
Genus:Phonognatha
Species:sp
Common Name:Leaf-curling Spider